Revelation 1:4 – John, To the seven churches in the province of Asia: Grace and peace to you from him who is, and who was, and who is to come, and from the seven spirits before his throne.
The book of Rvelation is originally addressed to the 7 churches in the province of Asia before it would reach christians of all ages and time periods. We will not dive into these 7 churches at this time, but instead we will wait till we get to verse 11.
Grace was a very common greeting used by the greeks, and Peace was used by the Hebrew people in the same way. John addresses both Jews and Gentiles with this greeting. The book of Revelation is for all people of every race and age. Let us all be blessed by it!
Grace is God’s unmeritted or unearned favor, and peace is the total well being & security only God provides. Both grace and peace come from one true source, and they express the fullness of Christ.
The phrase “who is, and who was, and who is to come” is the greek expression of the Hebrew word Yahweh or “IAM”. Read Exodus 3:14-15. I might suggest that this phrase “who is, and who was, and who is to come” doesn’t completely fit who God is. God is beyond this title or any other title we could ever come up with for Him. He is the creator of the universe, He is beyond time, and He is so awesome and massive that we can not even fully and humanly comprehend who He is. And this same God has a love for us that matches this description. We serve a wonderful and powerful God!!!
The seven spirits before his throne refers to the Holy Spirit. Read Isaiah 11:2. Spirit of the Lord is the nature of Jesus. Spirit of wisdom is the ability to make right decisions. Spirit of understanding is the ability to understand everything. Spirit of counsel is the ability to give sound advice. Spirit of might is the power to do what God wants. Spirit of knowledge is the ability to know beyond human comprehension. Spirit of the fear of the Lord is the ability to respect God’s will. You will see that 7 is a highly reoccuring number in the book of Revelation and it symbolizes completeness. The 7 spirits is the completeness of the Holy Spirit, the completeness of Jesus’ nature, the completeness of God’s character.
Revelation 1:5a – and from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, the firstborn from the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth.
Jesus Christ is the faithfull witness because heshows utter reliability and faithfulness to the Father. Let us take up this nature of our Lord and Savior.
Interesting side study. The greek word for witness also means martyr. He is our great and glorious martyr for our salvation. How great is his love!
Jesus Christ is also the first born from the dead. This means that he is the first resurrected to everlasting as we all will be someday. It also means he is the pre-eminent being above all.
What a beautiful and glorious picture the last 2 verses paints of the glorious mystery of the Trinity!!! Let all creation praise him and sing of his glory!!!!!!!!!